Pectinia is a genus of stony corals, specifically belonging to the family Merulinidae. These corals are commonly found in the Indo-Pacific region, including the Red Sea, the Great Barrier Reef, and various other coral reef systems. Pectinia corals are known for their distinctive and beautiful appearance, making them popular among marine aquarium enthusiasts.
Here are some key features and characteristics of Pectinia corals:
Appearance: Pectinia corals are known for their intricate and ornate skeletal structures. Their polyps are typically large and fleshy, with a distinct valley-and-ridge pattern on their coral skeletons. This pattern, along with its vibrant colours, adds to their visual appeal.
Coloration: Pectinia corals come in a wide range of colours, including various shades of green, brown, pink, purple, blue, and more. The specific coloration can be influenced by factors such as lighting, water quality, and the presence of symbiotic algae (zooxanthellae).
Polyp Size: Pectinia corals have relatively large polyps compared to other coral species. These large polyps can extend to capture food and retract for protection.
Growth Form: Pectinia corals can exhibit various growth forms, including encrusting, massive, or columnar forms. The exact growth form may depend on environmental conditions and the specific species.
Care in Aquariums: Pectinia corals are popular in the marine aquarium hobby due to their aesthetic appeal. They require stable water parameters, moderate to high lighting, and appropriate aquarium water flow. Like all corals, maintaining stable water conditions and proper care is essential for their health and well-being.
Care level: Easy
Water flow: Medium
Placement: Middle to High
Common Name: Pectinia
Size: 6 inches