Favia is a genus of stony corals, also known as "moon corals" or "brain corals," belonging to the family Mussidae. These corals are popular among reef aquarium enthusiasts due to their distinctive appearance and relatively hardy nature.
Here are some key characteristics and information about Favia corals:
Appearance: Favia corals have large polyps that form round, dome-shaped colonies with a textured surface. The polyps are typically separated by deep, wavy grooves, giving them a unique and striking appearance. The corals can come in various colors, including shades of green, brown, and even fluorescent hues.
Polyps: Favia corals have large, fleshy polyps that extend during the night to capture planktonic organisms and retract during the day. Their polyps can be quite colorful, with tentacles that may have contrasting colors, adding to their aesthetic appeal.
Care in Aquariums: Favia corals are relatively hardy and adaptable, making them suitable for both beginner and experienced reef aquarium keepers. They can thrive in a variety of lighting conditions, from moderate to high, and are generally more forgiving of water parameter fluctuations compared to some other coral species. However, stable water quality is still essential for their long-term health.
Water Flow: Favia corals prefer moderate water flow in aquariums. It's important to provide sufficient water movement to help remove waste and deliver nutrients to the polyps, but excessive flow can damage the coral or prevent it from extending its polyps.
Feeding: Favia corals are primarily photosynthetic, containing symbiotic zooxanthellae that convert sunlight into energy. They also actively capture small food particles, such as plankton, from the water column using their tentacles. While they can obtain some of their nutrition through photosynthesis, occasional feeding with small food particles can be beneficial for their health.
Placement: Favia corals are commonly placed in the middle to lower areas of the reef aquarium. When positioning them, consider their lighting and water flow requirements, ensuring they receive the appropriate conditions for their well-being.
Favia corals are known for their unique appearance and relatively easy care requirements, making them a popular choice for reef aquariums. If you plan to keep Favia corals in your aquarium, it's important to monitor water parameters, provide appropriate lighting and water flow, and maintain overall good reef tank husbandry practices to ensure their continued health and vibrancy.
Care level: Easy
Lighting: Moderate to High
Water flow: Medium
Placement: Bottom to Middle
Common Name: Favia
Latin Name: Favia
Size: 1.5 inches